Hungary since the notorious Hungarian Uprising always had a reformist style of leadership which would become known as Kádárism, after the General Secretary of the Hungarian Socialist Workers’ Party (MSZMP), Janos Kádár. This would see the move of the country’s economy from full state-planning to a focus on self-financing of the Hungarian state’s enterprises and a much slower, incomplete collectivisation process.
A new generation of Polish youth have grown up with little education on the successes that the PZPR had once achieved. The policies of Poland’s post-socialist right-wing governments have subsequently engulfed the nation under neoliberalism and a fundamentalist style-traditionalism.
The Berlin Wall fell 32 years ago, this clarified that the policy of Gorbachev was to fully abandon its socialist allies abroad. The socialist system and power of the working class in Europe following this fall would usher in an era of brutal neoliberalism. The ideology that was once held back by the Berlin Wall was now unleashed to pillage Eastern and Central Europe of its riches.
Romania, the poster child of the success of the advance of the liberal counter-revolutions of 1989. Before us, we see the epic failure of the introduction of liberal-‘democracy’ to Romania following the notorious counter-revolution of 1989 which saw the purging and scapegoating of all the nation’s problems on Marxism-Leninism (i.e., socialism) and the Romanian Communist Party in particular as an entity.
Chopwell is a a former mining village located in the North East of England only a few miles outside of Newcastle with a rich history in Marxism and the Labour movement.
A decade on from the NATO backed coup in Libya which resulted in chaos, Islamist militias, slave markets and a migrant crisis, Challenge correspondent Ellis Hassan Garvey, speaks with Mohamed Benayad, a refugee forced to flee Libya and now living in Turkey, to counter the way Libyans and the Green Libya are portrayed in Western media.